No, generally student cameras are not on during class, and students are not required to join classes via video. In many cases, keeping student cameras off helps students focus on the content of the day’s lesson rather than on each other. Not requiring student participation via on-camera presence also respects students’/families’ rights to privacy, such as when students join classes from rooms that may include private areas of their homes or other members of their households. There may be some times when instructors will invite students to use their cameras, such as when students are participating in introductory activities at the start of class, or when a student presents an individual project that requires public speaking.
*Cameras are required in courses where students physically perform a task, and require feedback on that task. An example of such a course is Introduction to Piano.